Betty Cockrum: Improved sex ed can reduce teen pregnancy
By Betty Cockrum Guest columnist May 31, 2014 11:56PM
Updated: July 2, 2014 6:23AM
May and June are exciting months for our teens. Proms, graduations and end-of-school-year milestones are rites of passages we all anticipate and enjoy.
It’s also a fitting time to consider an issue that can interfere with those milestone accomplishments — teen pregnancy.
Teen pregnancy is associated with higher poverty, lower education, higher infant mortality and greater reliance on public support — not exactly the kind of bright futures we want for our young people. These effects follow teens and their families for years, often for generations.
Fortunately, we know what works to lower the teen pregnancy rate — access to birth control and comprehensive, medically accurate sex education. When teens have the information they need, they make smarter decisions about sex.
Sex education that includes an abstinence-plus curriculum has been proven to help young people delay sex and to use contraception and condoms when they become sexually active.
In the last 20 years, the national teen pregnancy rate has declined significantly. However, it’s not declining as fast in Indiana as it is in the rest of the country. In Lake, Porter and LaPorte counties alone, more than 1,100 teenagers between 15 and 19 become pregnant each year.
Across Indiana, 25 teenagers become pregnant every day, enough to fill a classroom. Most of these pregnancies are unintended. Consider these numbers from the National Campaign to Prevent Teen and Unplanned Pregnancy and the Guttmacher Institute:
62 percent of births from unintended pregnancies in Indiana are paid for with taxpayer dollars. Each publicly funded birth costs, on average, $3,000 more than a birth paid for with private money, in part because unintended pregnancies are often high risk.
Teen child-rearing in Indiana cost taxpayers at least $227 million in 2010. Most of these costs are associated with consequences for the children of teen mothers, including higher health care costs, foster care, incarceration and lost tax revenue.
Two-thirds of young unmarried mothers are poor, and an estimated 25 percent go on welfare within three years of a child’s birth.
Comprehensive sex education is supported by organizations such as the American Medical Association and the American Academy of Pediatrics. An overwhelming majority of parents say birth control should be covered in high school sex education programs, and most want this information provided to students in middle school.
More than three-quarters of teens ages 15-17 say they need more information about birth control, HIV/AIDS and other sexually transmitted diseases. Ideally, these conversations involve parents, but the numbers tell us that too often teens aren’t getting the information they need at home.
At more than two dozen Planned Parenthood of Indiana and Kentucky (PPINK) health centers — including those in Gary, Hammond, East Chicago, Merrillville, Michigan City and Valparaiso — our trained professionals provide information and high-quality, affordable health care in a non-judgmental setting.
Through programs for teenagers and young adults — school-based programs, peer education groups and other youth-focused efforts — PPINK provides teens with accurate information about the importance of protecting themselves against unintended pregnancy and STDs and about healthy relationships.
For parents, we provide resources to help talk to teens about these critical topics.
Our goal is nothing short of eliminating unintended teen pregnancy in the communities we serve by encouraging teens to take charge of their reproductive health.
To do this, we need teens, parents, educators and communities around the state to push for comprehensive accurate education that includes abstinence. Together, we can give our teens a brighter future.
Betty Cockrum is president
and chief executive officer
of Planned Parenthood of
Indiana and Kentucky.